How to Build Your Own Computer

This page is intended to give you a general idea about building your own computer. It is not a detailed step by step guide. There are plenty of those elsewhere on the net. My intention here was to introduce you to the parts required and give you a basic, simplified idea of what makes up a computer.

There are obviously a plethora of possible computer configurations and hardware that you could put into a new computer. I have selected the basic components required for a general purpose home or small office PC. The Parts I have selected below are from Umart and the prices are in Australia dollars ( As of 26 Dec 2018).

1. These are the parts that I have selected in order of importance.

Processor:  You have two choices:  Intel or AMD. The Processor or CPU plugs into a Socket on the Motherboard and the Sockets/CPUs come in different sizes and are not interchangeable.

Intel Core i5 9600K (9th Generation CPU) Hexa Core LGA 1151 3.7GHz CPU Processor UNLOCKED - Clock Speed is not locked. This CPU does not come with a Heat Sink or Fan.(LGA1151 is the Socket Type) $399.00

Motherboard: Must be compatible with the Processor Socket LGA1151 and must be able to support 9th Generation i5 CPU

   Gigabyte Z390 UD ATX LGA1151 Motherboard - $219.00

This Motherboard has 4 DDR4 sockets supporting up to 64GB of RAM. On board Graphics with only 1 HDMI ports ATX from factor (Motherboard size). It also supports M2 type Solid State Hard Drive

Memory (RAM):  Must be compatible with the Motherboard and Processor.  DDR4 Type RAM.  Not interchangeable with DDR types.

    Kingston 16GB ( 2 x 8GB)KINHX426C15FBK2/16 2666MHz DDR4 Non-ECC CL15 DIMM HyperX FURY Black Series - $179.00

Solid State Hard Drive Samsung 970 EVO Series 500GB M.2 2280 NVMe SSD $139.00:

Optical Drive: LG DVD16X - Super Multi DVD Rewriter - $58.00

Case and Power Supply:  Must be compatible with Motherboard Form Factor.

    Cooler Master Master Case Pro 5 USB3.0 Mid Tower Case- $186.00

    Power Supply - Cooler Master GM750W PSU 80+ Bronze Certified Semi Modular - $129.00

Sound and Video: Integrated into Motherboard. You may have plug-in sound and video cards if required for high end applications. Operating System:  Microsoft Windows 10 Pro 64bit OEM DVD - $199.00

Monitor: LG 22M38D-B 21.5" TN-LED,16:9,1920x1080,5ms DSUB DVI-D VESA Tilt,3Yrs Wty - $119.00

Keyboard and Mouse:  Your choice - standard Microsoft Keyboard and Mouse - $21.00

Prices are in Australian Dollars from UMART.

2. These are the basic steps for assembling a computer:

     (1) Mount the Processor, Heat Sink and Fan to the Motherboard and connect the fan power cable.

     (2) Install the Memory (RAM)

    (3) Prepare the case.  Install the power supply and make sure the mounting studs match the motherboard mounting holes.

     (4) Mount the Motherboard to the case and connect the power supply cables.

     (5) Connect the front panel cables to the motherboard.

     (6) Install the Hard Drive and Optical Drive.  Connect their power and data cables.

3. The following is a more detailed guide to assembling the Motherboard:

     (1) Attach your anti-static wrist device and make sure it has a good earth connection.  Static electricity in your body or clothing will damage the components.

     (2) Unpack the Motherboard, Processor, Heat sink, Fan, and RAM and set them on your work bench on top of their anti-static protection. Make sure you do not touch the contacts.

     (3) Installing the CPU: This is the most critical step. You have to be very careful installing the CPU. These steps were copied directly from the Motherboard Manual.

cpu

cpu

cpu

fan

fan

Installing the memory:

ram

4. The following articles are links to Hardware Secrets who have excellent guides on computer hardware so there is no need to duplicate that information here. Make sure you read all the pages for that topic then return to this page.

Everything You Need To Know About The Screws Used on The PC.

Installing the Motherboard

Installing the Hard Drive

Everything you need to know about the BIOS

5. Now you can connect the Keyboard, Mouse and Monitor and connect the Mains power cord.

6. Turn the PC on and watch the screen,  Press the F2 key or the Del key to enter the BIOS setup. Configure the BIOS to boot off of the Optical Drive first and Hard Drive second.  Insert the Windows 7 CD, save the BIOS settings and exit. When the computer reboots it will boot off of the Windows 7 disk. Follow the prompts to install the operating system.

 

HTML5 CSS - This page last updated on 2 Sep 2017